A cataract is a clouding of the eye lens, which makes it hard to see. It’s associated with aging, but younger people can get it too. Half of all Americans develop cataracts by the time they are 80 years old. A cataract can occur in either or both eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.
What are some symptoms of a cataract?
- Blurry, cloudy, or dim vision — a little like looking through a dirty windshield
- Double visionwith one eye
- Trouble seeing at night or in dim light
- Halosaround lights
- Sensitivity to light and glare
- Faded or yellow colors, or trouble telling the difference between blues and greens
- Trouble seeing an object against a background of the same color
What are risk factors for developing a cataract?
- Lots of exposure to sunlight
- High cholesterolor high blood pressure
- Previous eye injury or surgery
- Family history ofcataracts
What eye problems might make you consider surgery?
- Dim, blurred, yellow or double vision
- Poor night vision
- Failure to pass the vision part of a driver’s license test
- Increased sensitivity to glare from the sun
If a cataract begins to interfere with your day-to-day life, an ophthalmologist specializing in cataract surgery can remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear lens implant.