Education Center

Health care-focused resources for seniors and medical community.

Raising Awareness of Opioid Use in Older Adults and the Elderly

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Spineuniverse: Raising Awareness of Opioid Use in Older Adults and the Elderly

Managing Opioid Medications

Older adults taking an opioid introduce another layer of risks associated with managing medications.

Some adult or elderly patients live alone, in a family setting, receive home-health  assistance, or reside in an

assisted-living facility or other situation. In some instances, the management of the medication, including pain-relieving drug is handled by nursing or healthcare staff.

Many older adults and elderly patients are quite capable of managing their medication, doctor’s visits, and everyday life. Then there are others who need assistance. They may not realize they need help and/or may not ask. This is where a family member, friend or caregiver can help by being observant and step in to help. (Meyeroff 1/17/18)

Read entire story here.


8 Golden Rules in Caring for Your Kidneys

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March is National Kidney Awareness month, which reminds us just how much our kidneys work to

Healthy lifestyle key to prevention of kidney diseases.

help us stay healthy every day. Some of the main causes of kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure especially if you have a family history of kidney failure.

Often times, caregivers know too well what kidney failure looks like in their care and support of family members. The

commitment of time and energy to care for your loved one can take a strain in caring for yourself first. But prevention is key and there are steps to take to keeping your own kidneys healthy and caring for your own physical health.

According to worldkidneyday.org, here are 8 Golden Rules to reduce the risk of developing kidney disease:

Keep fit and active

Keeping fit helps to reduce your blood pressure and therefore reduces the risk of Chronic Kidney Disease.

The concept “on the move for kidney health” is a worldwide collective march involving the public, celebrities and professionals moving across a public area by walking, running and cycling. Why not join them?!

Keep regular control of your blood sugar level

About half of people who have diabetes develop kidney damage, so it is important for people with diabetes to have regular tests to check their kidney functions.

Kidney damage from diabetes can be reduced or prevented if detected early. It is important to keep control of blood sugar levels with the help of doctors or pharmacists, who are always happy to help.

Monitor your blood pressure

Although many people may be aware that high blood pressure can lead to a stroke or heart attack, few know that it is also the most common cause of kidney damage.

The normal blood pressure level is 120/80. Between this level and 139/89, you are considered prehypertensive and should adopt lifestyle and dietary changes. At 140/90 and above, you should discuss the risks with your doctor and montior your blood pressure level regularly. High blood pressure is especially likely to cause kidney damage when associated with other factors like diabetes, high cholesterol and Cardio- Vascular Diseases.

Eat healthy and keep your weight in check

This can help prevent diabetes, heart disease and other conditions associated with Chronic Kidney Disease.

Reduce your salt intake. The recommended sodium intake is 5-6 grams of salt per day (around a teaspoon). In order to reduce your salt intake, try and limit the amount of processed and restaurant food and do not add salt to food. It will be easier to control your intake if you prepare the food yourself with fresh ingredients.

Maintain a healthy fluid intake

Although clinical studies have not reached an agreement on the ideal quantity of water and other fluids we should consume daily to maintain good health, traditional wisdom has long suggested drinking 1.5 to 2 litres (3 to 4 pints) of water per day.

Consuming plenty of fluid helps the kidneys clear sodium, urea and toxins from the body which, in turn, results in a “significantly lower risk” of developing chronic kidney disease, according to researchers in Australia and Canada. The findings, the researchers said, do not advocate “aggressive fluid loading”, which can cause side effects, but they do provide evidence that moderately increased water intake, around two litres daily, may reduce the risk of decline in kidney function. It’s important to keep in mind that the right level of fluid intake for any individual depends on many factors including gender, exercise, climate, health conditions, pregnancy and breast feeding. In addition, people who have already had a kidney stone are advised to drink 2 to 3 litres of water daily to lessen the risk of forming a new stone.

Do not smoke

Smoking slows the flow of blood to the kidneys. When less blood reaches the kidneys, it impairs their ability to function properly. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer by about 50 percent.

Do not take over-the-counter pills on a regular basis

Common drugs such non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney damage and disease if taken regularly.

Such medications probably do not pose significant danger if your kidneys are relatively healthy and you use them for emergencies only, but if you are dealing with chronic pain, such as arthritis or back pain, work with your doctor to find a way to control your pain without putting your kidneys at risk.

Get your kidney function checked if you have one or more of the ‘high risk’ factors

  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • You are obese
  • One of your parents or other family members suffers from kidney disease

you are of African, Asian, or Aboriginal origin


5 Key Questions to Help You Develop a Caregiving Plan

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While the circumstances for care vary, you can definitely make it a goal to treat your loved one with compassion and honor their dignity at all times.

Being a caregiver may be one of the most significant roles you’ll ever take on. You may have a lot of questions and concerns.

Fortunately there are plenty of resources in your community and online to help you address these challenges and empower you to take great care of your loved one and yourself. For starters, you’ll want to come up with a caregiving plan.

Your initial caregiving plan will largely depend on your answers to these five key questions, according to a special report from Harvard Medical School.

  • For whom are you caring — an aging parent, an ill partner or friend, or a disabled family member?
  • What precipitated the need for care?
  • Is the situation time-limited (e.g., for someone who needs care while healing from surgery or an injury) or likely to continue indefinitely?
  • What care or services will the person need?
  • Aside from basic needs, what does your loved one want? For example, elderly parents may want to continue living independently at home rather than move in with you or to a nursing home. How can you help the person meet these goals?

As you begin to develop your plan, think about your own caregiving goals, too. The circumstances for each person and his or her needs will of course vary, but you can definitely make it a goal to treat your loved one with compassion and honor his or her dignity at all times.

Next, have an open, honest conversation with your care recipient about what both of you expect and determine just what issues need to be addressed.

However, an initial plan is just that — a first step. Change is one of the few certainties of caregiving, so it is important to re-evaluate your situation early and often, and to make changes whenever necessary. If possible, it can help to keep a step or two ahead by asking your loved one’s doctors and other experts for their assessment of how the situation might change in another few weeks, months, or years.

Excerpt from the Caregiver’s Handbook, a Special Health Report from Harvard Medical School.